workaround for the broken XFCE keyboard layout switcher panel

I simply put setxkbmap -layout “us,bg(bas_phonetic)” -option “grp:alt_shift_toggle”


setxkbmap -layout “us,bg(phonetic)” -option “grp:capslock_toggle”

in my ~/.bashrc and the panel plugin stops forgetting its settings each restart/logoff…


Modify appropriately with your lang codes and switching shortcut keys… To see how – drop me a line at vlad UT


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Using a secondary workspaces panel in XFCE – awesomeness..

Workspaces panel shown:

And hidden:


So practical!

So awesome!

PS. CTRL + F1 , F2 … goes to each workspace…

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ubuntu update bios dell

Originally Posted by hawthornso23
Yeah, Dell seems to have not compiled the -makehdrfile option into their more recent BIOS updates. They’ve also abandoned their linux BIOS update site, which is now suffering from bitrot. To be honest I don’t know why we bother having a Dell Support forum any more since there isn’t any Dell linux support that I can see. In fact it is more like Dell are actively obstructing linux at present. This is exceedingly annoying. My next machine will NOT be a Dell.

This is the method I used to update BIOS on my E6510

1. Install UNetbootin from synaptic
2. Run it and create a FreeDOS USB key.
3. Copy the exe BIOS update file to the USB key from inside ubuntu.
4. Reboot into BIOS setup and change the boot order to boot from USB
5. Boot into a live freedos session.
* The USB key will offer to install freedos on your hard disk. DONT – that is ubuntucide!
* Don’t use himem or or that other memory thingywhatsit – just straight freedos
6. C:
7. dir
8. run the update



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grub_cmdline_linux_default vs grub_cmdline_linux

I opened my  /etc/default/grub file while fixing a bug with laptop suspending…

And I read

# For full documentation of the options in this file, see:
# info -f grub -n ‘Simple configuration’

then I did info -f grub -n ‘Simple configuration’


and I found that the difference between GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX_DEFAULT and GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX

is that the _DEFAULT entry is fot non-recovery kernel menu entries only… that’s it!


Quote below:




Command-line arguments to add to menu entries for the Linux kernel.

Unless `GRUB_DISABLE_RECOVERY’ is set to `true’, two menu entries
will be generated for each Linux kernel: one default entry and one
entry for recovery mode. This option lists command-line arguments
to add only to the default menu entry, after those listed in


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Hello world!

Welcome to This is your first post. Edit or delete it and start blogging!

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